Effect of elevated CO<sub>2</sub> on the dynamics of particle-attached and free-living bacterioplankton communities in an Arctic fjord

Sperling, M; Piontek, J; Gerdts, G; Wichels, A; Schunck, H; Roy, A-S; La Roche, J; Gilbert, JA; Nissimov, JI; Bittner, L; Romac, S; Riebesell, U; Engel, A. 2013 Effect of elevated CO<sub>2</sub> on the dynamics of particle-attached and free-living bacterioplankton communities in an Arctic fjord. Biogeosciences, 10 (1). 181-191. 10.5194/bg-10-181-2013

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-181-2013

Abstract/Summary

In the frame of the European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA), the response of an Arctic pelagic community (<3 mm) to a gradient of seawater pCO(2) was investigated. For this purpose 9 large-scale in situ mesocosms were deployed in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (78 degrees 56.2' N, 11 degrees 53.6' E), in 2010. The present study investigates effects on the communities of particle-attached (PA; >3 mu m) and free-living (FL; <3 mu m > 0.2 mu m) bacteria by Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis (ARISA) in 6 of the mesocosms, ranging from 185 to 1050 mu atm initial pCO(2), and the surrounding fjord. ARISA was able to resolve, on average, 27 bacterial band classes per sample and allowed for a detailed investigation of the explicit richness and diversity. Both, the PA and the FL bacterioplankton community exhibited a strong temporal development, which was driven mainly by temperature and phytoplankton development. In response to the breakdown of a picophytoplankton bloom, numbers of ARISA band classes in the PA community were reduced at low and medium CO2 (similar to 185-685 mu atm) by about 25 %, while they were more or less stable at high CO2 (similar to 820-1050 mu atm). We hypothesise that enhanced viral lysis and enhanced availability of organic substrates at high CO2 resulted in a more diverse PA bacterial community in the post-bloom phase. Despite lower cell numbers and extracellular enzyme activities in the post-bloom phase, bacterial protein production was enhanced in high CO2 mesocosms, suggesting a positive effect of community richness on this function and on carbon cycling by bacteria.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Marine Sciences
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Marine Life Support Systems
Depositing User: Mrs Julia Crocker
Date made live: 27 Feb 2014 17:40
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:10
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/5575

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