Impacts of climate change on marine ecosystem production in societies dependent on fisheries

Barange, M; Merino, G; Blanchard, JL; Scholtens, J; Harle, J; Allison, EH; Allen, JI; Holt, JT; Jennings, S. 2014 Impacts of climate change on marine ecosystem production in societies dependent on fisheries. Nature Climate Change. 6, pp. 10.1038/NCLIMATE2119

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE2119

Abstract/Summary

Growing human populations and changing dietary preferences are increasing global demands for fish, adding pressure to concerns over fisheries sustainability. Here we develop and link models of physical, biological and human responses to climate change in 67 marine national exclusive economic zones, which yield approximately 60% of global fish catches, to project climate change yield impacts in countries with different dependencies on marine fisheries. Predicted changes in fish production indicate increased productivity at high latitudes and decreased productivity at low/mid latitudes, with considerable regional variations. With few exceptions, increases and decreases in fish production potential by 2050 are estimated to be <10% (mean C3.4%) from present yields. Among the nations showing a high dependency on fisheries, climate change is predicted to increase productive potential in West Africa and decrease it in South and Southeast Asia. Despite projected human population increases and assuming that per capita fish consumption rates will be maintained1, ongoing technological development in the aquaculture industry suggests that projected global fish demands in 2050 could be met, thus challenging existing predictions of inevitable shortfalls in fish supply by the mid-twenty-first century. This conclusion, however, is contingent on successful implementation of strategies for sustainable harvesting and effective distribution of wild fish products from nations and regions with a surplus to those with a deficit. Changes in management effectiveness2 and trade practices5 will remain the main influence on realized gains or losses in global fish production.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Subjects: Fisheries
Marine Sciences
Social Sciences
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Science Areas > Sea and Society
Depositing User: Manuel Barange
Date made live: 25 Feb 2014 09:18
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:10
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/5544

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