Measurement Of The Responses Of Individuals To Environmental-Stress And Pollution - Studies With Bivalve Mollusks

Bayne, BL; Moore, MN; Widdows, J; Livingstone, DR; Salkeld, PN. 1979 Measurement Of The Responses Of Individuals To Environmental-Stress And Pollution - Studies With Bivalve Mollusks. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 286 (1015). 563 - &. 10.1098/rstb.1979.0046

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1979.0046

Abstract/Summary

Certain physiological differences between individuals in different populations of the mussel, Mytilus edulis, are described. In particular, the scope for growth differs in space and time and may be used to assess the animals' physiological condition. When the required measurements are made in the field, the rates of growth predicted from the physiological data agree well with observed rates of growth. An alternative approach utilizes mussels transplanted to various waters, with indices of condition then measured in the laboratory under standard conditions; an example of this approach is illustrated. Laboratory experiments are used to equate various levels of physiological condition with fecundity, in an attempt to equate physiological effects on the individual with likely population damage. A cytochemical index of stress is described, based on the latency of lysosomal enzymes; spatial variability in this index, and its relation with the scope for growth, are discussed. Finally, the results of some experiments on the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on mussels are described and the presence of inducible activity of NADPH-dependent tetrazolium reductase in the blood cells is demonstrated. Certain considerations that apply in adopting similar measurements of biological effects of pollution in environmental monitoring programmes are discussed.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Other (PML)
Depositing User: EPServices Admin
Date made live: 11 Feb 2014 15:54
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:03
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/2819

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item