Effects Of Oil On Digestive Cells In Mussels - Quantitative Alterations In Cellular And Lysosomal Structure

Lowe, DM; Moore, MN; Clarke, KR. 1981 Effects Of Oil On Digestive Cells In Mussels - Quantitative Alterations In Cellular And Lysosomal Structure. Aquatic Toxicology, 1 (03-Apr). 213 - 226. 10.1016/0166-445X(81)90016-3

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0166-445X(81)90016-3

Abstract/Summary

Structural changes were observed in the digestive tubule epithelial cells of Mytilus edulis following long-term exposure to the water accommodated fraction (WAF) of North Sea crude oil (30 μg · l−1 total oil derived aromatic hydrocarbons). The changes observed involved a reduction in the height of the digestive cells beyond that demonstrated in a normal feeding cycle. In addition there was a loss of the normal synchrony of the digestive cells to a point where nearly all the tubules exhibited an appearance similar to that which is usually termed ‘reconstituting’. These alterations were quantified using an image analysis technique and the mean height of the digestive cells used as an index of digestive function or state. Long-term exposure also induced a radical alteration of the structure of secondary lysosomes within the digestive cells, resulting in the formation of large lysosomes, believed to be autolysosomes. Stereological analyses showed that these lysosomes are reduced in numbers and greatly increased in volume in comparison with controls. There is a concomitant increase in surface area of lysosomes per unit volume of digestive cell compared with control conditions. These alterations are indicative of fundamental changes in secondary lysosomal function involving an autophagic response to oil derived hydrocarbons. which would contribute to the reduction of digestive cell cytoplasm. These cellular alterations are discussed in terms of their use as indices of cell injury, in response to oil.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Additional Keywords: mussels; digestive cells; lysosomes; oil; image analysis; microstereology
Subjects: Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Other (PML)
Depositing User: EPServices Admin
Date made live: 11 Feb 2014 15:54
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:03
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/2745

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