Bucephaloides-Gracilescens - A Quantitative Study Of The Lysosomal Cellular Stress Response Induced By The Sporocysts And Developing Cercariae Within The White Furrow Shell Abra-Alba

Johnson, BR; Halton, DW; Moore, MN. 1982 Bucephaloides-Gracilescens - A Quantitative Study Of The Lysosomal Cellular Stress Response Induced By The Sporocysts And Developing Cercariae Within The White Furrow Shell Abra-Alba. Zeitschrift Fur Parasitenkunde-Parasitology Research, 67 (1). 31 - 36. 10.1007/BF00929511

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00929511

Abstract/Summary

Reproductive stress is apparent inAbra alba as a result of infection with the sporocysts ofBucephaloides gracilescens, culminating in castration in heavily infected specimens. The bivalve is also subject to mechanical stress from actively growing sporocyst tubules and nutritional stress due to the nutrient requirement of large numbers of germ balls within the sporocysts. Using the digestive cell lysosomal system ofAbra as a monitor, it was possible to demonstrate quantitatively a parasite-induced cellular stress response by applying a sensitive cytochemical test for lysosomal stability. Lysosomal stability was determined as the labilisation period for latent Nacetyl-β-hexosaminidase (NAH), measured by microdensitometry. In uninfectedAbra, digestive cell lysosomal NAH expressed structure-linked latency. Hence a significantly longer labilisation period was required compared with infectedAbra, where the parasitic burden with its associated stress effects resulted in a destabilisation of the lysosomal membrane. This reduced the latency of the enzyme, so that a much shorter labilisation period was required for the stressed tissue to express maximum lysosomal enzyme activity. It is suggested that the lysosomal system of the digestive cells inAbra can be used as a sensitive monitor of the stress induced by the sporocysts and developing cercariae ofBucephaloides.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Divisions: Plymouth Marine Laboratory > Other (PML)
Depositing User: EPServices Admin
Date made live: 11 Feb 2014 15:54
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 16:03
URI: http://plymsea.ac.uk/id/eprint/2740

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